Source Sun, 03 Jan PM PST - Daily Mail - Dolphins are almost as clever as humans Research shows dolphin brains are larger than those of humans, prompting scientists to say that the mammals are 'non-human persons' This interaction is popular but there are concerns about the risks involved, for people and for Moko, the dolphin Source Mon, 04 Jan AM PST - Daily Mail - Dolphins are almost as clever as humans Research shows dolphin brains are larger than those of humans, prompting scientists to say that the mammals are 'non-human persons' Steve Irwin captain Paul Watson says the team The National Institute of Water and Japan's whaling fleet is currently on its annual hunt in the icy waters of the Southern Ocean, where it aims to catch about whales.
It is now to climate what Japan is to whaling. Riders enjoyed sunny skies for an mile ride Word is, Barker kicked some Anti-whaling group Sea Shepherd's stealth boat Ady Source Thu, 07 Jan PM PDT - Los Angeles Times - Whaling clash highlights two Hollywood donors "The whole purpose is to sink the Japanese whaling fleet economically by making it impossible for them to harvest enough whales to continue to exist Accusations of blame are being traded between Japan's whalers and How'd that go down?
Drone Attacks in Pakistan An anti-whaling vessel has been badly damaged in a collision with a Japanese whaling ship in the Southern Ocean.
The Ady Gil lost its entire bow in its The pale, giant, two-legged mermaid-like underweater creatures known as Japan kills up to whales each year in the name of research Well, it's gone. Sunk by a Japanese whaling boat. Not only illegal by American standards, but illegal in the eyes of the world and the International Whaling Commission The 4,square-foot Mediterranean-style canal-front home on 0.
They're all suffering from "cold stun" due to the recent span of cold weather in Florida. The turtles all came from Mosquito Lagoon and have been given fruit and herb Source Fri, 08 Jan AM PST - Denver Post - "Cove" is tough to watch, but educational for kids An intriguing voice makes a troubling observation at the beginning of "The Cove," a remark that perfectly frames the unsettling tone of all that is to come: A dolphin's smile is one of the most misleading gestures of nature. It tricks us into believing they are happy even while their species is threatened with slaughter Since , starting with the Geneva Convention for the Regulation of Whaling Previous incidents have resulted in injuries to Japanese coast guard and whaling Julie on Peter Garrett sets whaling deadline The Australian Government has always had a reserved attitude.
Japan is our biggest importer and this is the Japan's Elvis memorabilia stores are shuttered. Its Elvis Fan Club magazine is published no more Source Sun, 10 Jan PM PDT - Forth - A whale of a time We should be conducting research on this soon, just like the Japanese whalers who, btw, are conducting commmercial whaling, which has in fact been banned It's an apt resolution for the new The bottlenose dolphin followed a fishing boat out to sea several days ago, leaving some disappointed locals behind Kinetic energy may hasten rates of both extinction and speciation. The position of the Indo -Pacific Warm Pool to the east of the Coral Triangle in central Oceania and a pattern of increasing species richness from this region into the central and northern parts of the Coral Triangle suggests peripheral speciation with enhanced survival in the cooler parts of the Coral Triangle that also have highly concentrated available habitat.
These results indicate that conservation of habitat availability and heterogeneity is important to reduce extinction of marine species and that changes in sea surface temperatures may influence the evolutionary potential of the region. Habitat availability, heterogeneity, and sea surface temperatures were highly correlated with species richness across spatial grains ranging from 23, to 5,, km2 with and without correction for autocorrelation.
Variations in particulate matter over Indo -Gangetic Plains and Indo -Himalayan Range during four field campaigns in winter monsoon and summer monsoon: Role of pollution pathways.
Sen, A. Both in-situ and space-borne observations reveal an extremely high loading of particulates over the Indo -Gangetic Plains IGP , all year around. With a burgeoning population and combustion sources fossil fuels FFs and biofuels BFs in close proximity to each other, the IGP is widely regarded as a hotspot for anthropogenic aerosol emission in South Asia.
The deteriorating air quality over this region, particularly during winters, is a cause of major concern, since the pollutants undergo long range transport from their source regions to the Indo -Himalayan Range IHR , Bay of Bengal BoB and other remote areas, polluting their pristine atmospheric conditions. Through the course of this study, four observational campaigns were conducted for sampling the ambient PM2.
Determination of the major source regions and key transport pathways during both seasons have also been attempted, using back-trajectory cluster analyses, as well as receptor models such as PSCF and CWT. The present study was carried out in the Indo -European speaking tribal population groups of Southern Gujarat, India to investigate and reconstruct their paternal population structure and population histories.
The role of language, ethnicity and geography in determining the observed pattern of Y haplogroup clustering in the study populations was also examined. A set of 48 bi-allelic markers on the non-recombining region of Y chromosome NRY were analysed in males; representing nine Indo -European speaking tribal populations. The genetic structure of the populations revealed that none of these groups was overtly admixed or completely isolated. However, elevated haplogroup diversity and FST value point towards greater diversity and differentiation which suggests the possibility of early demographic expansion of the study groups.
The higher frequency of the six haplogroups and the pattern of clustering in the populations indicated overlapping of haplogroups with West and Central Asian populations.
Other analyses undertaken on the population affiliations revealed that the Indo -European speaking populations along with the Dravidian speaking groups of southern India have an influence on the tribal groups of Gujarat. The vital role of geography in determining the distribution of Y lineages was also noticed. This implies that although language plays a vital role in determining the distribution of Y lineages, the present day linguistic affiliation of any population in India for reconstructing the demographic history of the country should be considered with caution.
Y chromosome haplogroup distribution in Indo -European speaking tribes of Gujarat, western India.
Laboratory experiments show that superswells, long-lived hotspot tracks and traps may represent three evolutionary stages of the same phenomenon, i. All of the investigated genomes contained at least one MIP gene but only a few species encoded MIPs belonging to more than one subfamily. In that same year, there were an estimated , small businesses in West Virginia. Of that total, 47, were actual production workers. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station.
Molecular exploration of hidden diversity in the Indo -West Pacific sciaenid clade. The family Sciaenidae, known as croakers or drums, is one of the largest perciform fish families.
A recent multi-gene based study investigating the phylogeny and biogeography of global sciaenids revealed that the origin and early diversification of this family occurred in tropical America during the Late Oligocene—Early Miocene before undergoing range expansions to other seas including the Indo -West Pacific, where high species richness is observed.
Despite this clarification of the overall evolutionary history of the family, knowledge of the taxonomy and phylogeny of sciaenid genera endemic to the Indo -West Pacific is still limited due to lack of a thorough survey of all taxa.
Three datasets were herein built for the above objectives: the combined dataset samples from 45 currently recognized species from one nuclear gene RAG1 and one mitochondrial gene COI ; the dataset with only RAG1 gene sequences samples from 44 currently recognized species ; and the dataset with only COI gene sequences samples from 51 currently recognized species.
The results were further evaluated with help of four supplementary criteria for species delimitation genetic similarity, monophyly inferred from individual gene and combined data trees, geographic distribution, and morphology. Our final results confirmed the validity of 32 currently recognized species and identified several potential new species waiting for formal descriptions. We also reexamined the taxonomic status of the genera, Larimichthys, Nibea, Protonibea and Megalonibea, and suggested a. Flexible colour patterns obscure identification and mimicry in Indo -Pacific Chromodoris nudibranchs Gastropoda: Chromodorididae.
Chromodoris is a genus of colourful nudibranchs that feed on sponges and is found across the Indo -Pacific. While this was once the most diverse chromodorid genus, recent work has shown that the genus should be restricted to a monophyletic lineage that contains only 22 species, all of which exhibit black pigmentation and planar spawning behaviour. Earlier phylogenies of this group are poorly resolved and thus additional work is needed to clarify species boundaries within Chromodoris.
This study presents a maximum-likelihood phylogeny based on mitochondrial loci COI, 16S for Chromodoris specimens, including data from new specimens and 22 from GenBank, from across the Indo -Pacific. Species hypotheses and phylogenetic analysis uncovered 39 taxa in total containing 18 undescribed species, with only five of 39 taxa showing stable colour patterns and distinct morphotypes.
This study also presents the first evidence for regional mimicry in this genus, with C. The current phylogeny contains short branch lengths, polytomies and poor support at interior nodes, which is indicative of a recent radiation. As such, future work will employ a transcriptome-based exon capture approach for resolving the phylogeny of this group. In all, this study included 21 of the 22 described species in the Chromodoris sensu stricto group with broad sampling coverage from across the Indo -Pacific, constituting the most comprehensive sampling of this group to date.
This work highlights several cases of undocumented diversity, ultimately expanding our knowledge of species boundaries in this group, while also demonstrating the limitations of colour patterns for species identification in this genus. A recent multi-gene based study investigating the phylogeny and biogeography of global sciaenids revealed that the origin and early diversification of this family occurred in tropical America during the Late Oligocene-Early Miocene before undergoing range expansions to other seas including the Indo -West Pacific, where high species richness is observed.
Indo -Pacific sea surface temperature influences on failed consecutive rainy seasons over eastern Africa. Below average precipitation during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa can have devastating long-term impacts on water availability and agriculture. Here, we examine the forcing of drought during consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa by Indo -Pacific sea surface temperatures SSTs.
The forcing of eastern Africa precipitation and circulation by SSTs is tested using ten ensemble simulations of a global weather forecast model forced by — observed global SSTs. Since the s, Indo -Pacific SSTs have forced more frequent droughts spanning consecutive long and short rains seasons over eastern Africa.
During MAM, long-term warming of tropical west Pacific SSTs from — has forced statistically significant precipitation reductions over eastern Africa. The warming west Pacific SSTs have forced changes in the regional lower tropospheric circulation by weakening the Somali Jet, which has reduced moisture and rainfall over the Horn of Africa. Overview of the genus Briareum Cnidaria, Octocorallia, Briareidae in the Indo -Pacific, with the description of a new species.
Abstract The status of Indo -Pacific Briareum species Cnidaria, Octocorallia, Briareidae is reviewed by presenting their sclerite features and habitus descriptions. Following the re-examination of type material, museum specimens and newly collected specimens, a species identification key is provided. The species distributions are discussed and updated distribution ranges are depicted.
Moreover, a new taxon, Briareum cylindrum sp. Consequently, in total four Briareum species are recognized in the Indo -Pacific; Briareum hamrum from the western Indian Ocean, and Briareum cylindrum sp. The status of Indo -Pacific Briareum species Cnidaria, Octocorallia, Briareidae is reviewed by presenting their sclerite features and habitus descriptions. Four new species are assigned to the genus Teretia Norman, in the family Raphitomidae Bellardi, and herein described: Teretia neocaledonica sp.
The new species represent the first Indo -Pacific record of a genus previously known in the recent molluscan fauna by only two species from the Atlantic Ocean-Mediterranean Sea and Southern Africa. A possible Tethyan origin for the genus Teretia is suggested. The Indo -burmese arc is formed by the oblique subduction of the Indian plate under the Eurasia. This region is a transition zone between the main Himalayan collision belt and the Andaman subduction zone. This obliquity causes strain partitioning which causes separation of a sliver plate, the Burma Plate.
Considering the geomorphic, tectonic and geophysical signatures, IBR comprises all the structural features of an active subduction zone, whereas the present day tectonics of this region is perplexing. Ni et al. This is implied by the NNE compressional stress orientations, instead of its downdip direction.
The focal mechanism stress inversions show distinct stress fields above and below the 90 km depth. It is widely believed that the partitioning of Indian-Eurasia plate motion along the Indo -buremse arc and the Sagaing fault region the reason for earthquake occurrence in this region.
The CMF and its surroundings are considered as seismically a low hazard region, an observation made from the absence of significant earthquakes and lack of field evidences. This made Kundu and Gahalaut  to propose that the motion across the CMF happens in an aseismic manner. Recently, based on GPS studies Steckler et al. Our study, based on various geodetic solutions and earthquake slip vectors, focus on interseisimic block models for the Indo -burmese arc and Sagaing fault region so as to model the crustal.
Monorchiids Platyhelminthes: Digenea of chaetodontid fishes Perciformes : biogeographical patterns in the tropical Indo -West Pacific. Species richness and biogeography of the monorchiid genus Hurleytrematoides was studied by the examination of individuals of 45 species of Chaetodontidae at six major sites in the tropical Indo -West Pacific: Heron Island, Lizard Island, Ningaloo Western Australia , Palau, New Caledonia and Moorea French Polynesia. In total, 18 species were distributed among six sites; descriptions are provided for eight new species: H.
Overall richness ranged from zero to five Hurleytrematoides species per chaetodontid species. Seven Hurleytrematoides species were found at only one locality and eleven were found at multiple localities. Only one species, H. Individual localities had between six Moorea and 10 Heron Island species; we attribute Moorea's depauperate parasite fauna to its isolation and distance from the Indo -Philippine centre of biological diversity.
Using cluster analysis of 18 species of Hurleytrematoides and 45 species of chaetodontids sampled in the Indo -West Pacific, we show that the localities on the Great Barrier Reef Heron Island and Lizard Island and New Caledonia have the most similar chaetodontid and parasite fauna of any locality pairs. Cluster analysis results also show that the similarity of the chaetodontid assemblages at five of the six localities is relatively high and that Ningaloo has the most distinct fauna. Similarity values based on sharing of species of Hurleytrematoides are generally lower than those for their hosts; Moorea, Ningaloo and Palau all have low similarity to New Caledonia and Great Barrier Reef sites.
We attribute these distinctions to the differential dispersal capability of the fish and their parasites. Chaetodontids have long-lived mobile pelagic larvae, the dispersal of which would be most affected by prominent. This paper presents a Community Health Education System which is cost-effective, sustainable, strongly community-based, and directed at improving the health status of rural women in Indo -china Kampuchea, Laos and Vietnam.
The system is developed through a series of steps which are concerned with the education of Community Health Education Units in national ministries of health and, at the village level, among community health workers, women's groups, and other women. The ultimate aim is the establishment of a community health education program in Indochinese villages. The type status of these nominal species is discussed, and lectotypes of Scorpaena guamensis, Scorpaena rubropunctata, Sebastes minutus, and Scorpaena polylepis are herein designated.
The genus Cerithideopsis is most common in mangrove and salt marsh habitats of the New World tropics, but there is also a small radiation in the Indo -West Pacific region. Previously, these Indo -Pacific snails have generally been classified as Cerithidea largillierti Philippi, Molecular phylogenetic analysis partial sequences of mitochondrial COI and 16S rRNA, and nuclear 28S rRNA of 15 specimens from 8 localities between Japan and Australia reveal three clades, among which there are small morphological differences and which show allopatric distributions. Cerithideopsis largillierti sensu stricto is restricted to Japan and China, while the two other species are described as new: C.
All occur on mud and in pools with leaf litter, in the shaded landward and middle zones of mangrove forests, and do not climb the trees. The species accounts include full synonymies, detailed descriptions of shells based on 82 museum samples, descriptions of living animals, distribution records and maps, and notes on habitat and conservation status. To develop an effective conservation and management strategy, it is required to assess the biodiversity status of an ecosystem, especially when we deal with Indo -Myanmar biodiversity hotspot.
Importance of this reaches to an entirely different level as the hotspot represents the area of high endemism which is under continuous threat.